Vegetation

Author: nick on 12-09-2013, 19:00, views: 13 667

353

Vegetation Map of Ikot Abasi AreaVegetation Map of Ikot Abasi AreaThe whole of Akwa Ibom State is situated in the tropical forest zone. The forest vegetation can be divided into three types, namely: Mangrove forest along the coast and river estuaries; Fresh water swamp forest and Rainforest proper.

 

Mangrove Forest

 

Ikot Abasi Local Government Area has all the three forest types. Mangrove forest is quite extensive, covering the entire coastal area of the local government area and the estuaries of Imo River and Jaja, Qua Iboe and Shooter's creeks. The mangrove species, identified in the area, include Rhizhophora racemosa, Rhizophora mangle and Rhizophora harrisonii, as well as Avicenia nitida. The most abundant species is Rhizohora racemosa, which can grow to a height of 30 m and above. It has been observed that quite a reasonable portion of the mangrove swamp has been taken over by the Nypa palm. This palm has been found to out-compete the mangrove trees in the brackish environments of the river estuaries. In Ikot Abasi township wetland areas, almost all the brackish mangrove areas have been taken over by the Nypa palm growth.

 

Fresh Water Swamp Forest

 

In the wetland areas, which are removed from the influence of tidal saline waters, fresh water vegetation abounds. This is found along the flood plains of the Imo River and its tributaries, particularly Essene Creek (Акра Aya), which is the major creek that drains the upland part of the local government area. Fresh water vegetation is also found in the upper reaches of smaller creeks and in the streams all over the local government area.

 

The fresh water swamp forest contains a good variety of trees, herbs and grasses. The most important tree is the raffia palm, which, in most cases, is cultivated by the people, because of its economic importance. The branches are used as planks in building mud houses. The leaves are used for making mats for roofing the houses. At maturity, the palms are tapped to obtain a very popular liquor, palm wine, which is also distilled into 'native gin' (akaikai). Before the recent times, the palm was, also, highly valued for the fibre (piassava), obtained from the lower portions of the branches. It is being conjectured, that this may provide the long fibre needed for the paper industry. The species of raffia palm, encountered, are Raphia hookeri and Raphia vinifera.

 

Other plants, found in the fresh water swamp forest, include Alstonia spp., Cleistophollis patens, Lophira alata and beautifully flowered Lonchocarpus griffonianus. Some water-loving plants, like water lotus (Nymphaea lotus), water lily (Pistia striatiotes) and Vosia cuspidata are commonly floating in the streams.

 

The Tropical Rain Forest

 

The tropical rain forest is found in the upland areas, where the soil is well drained. The vegetation is complex, but three recognisable layers of heights of trees are observed. The upper layer has trees that reach the height of about 40 metres. These trees are called emergents, and include the most valuable timber trees e. g. Terminalis spp., (Idigbo), Triplochiton scleroxylon (Obeche), Ceiba pentandra (Silk cotton), Celtis milbraedii, Lophira alata (Iron wood). The second layer has trees with smaller crowns, which tend to touch one another. The third layer, or, understorey has trees of about 5-10 metres tall, with narrow crowns. Epiphytes and other woody climbers are generally found on the crowns of the understorey.

 

In the local government area, just like in most of the eastern states, the original rain forest has virtually disappeared and what is found now, is farmland with crops, or, under fallow. The destruction of the forest has also been attributed to urban development. Lumbering and firewood have also exploited the forest. Some forest vegetation is, however, found in difficult terrain, in areas adjoining the freshwater swamps and beach ridge barrier islands along the coastal fringes. Some pockets of forest are still preserved as sacred places or shrines and forest reserves for traditional societies like Ekpo Nyoho, Atat etc. in each village.

 

The most important tree in the rain forest zone is the oil palm, which dots the secondary forest or bush fallow. When the land is cleared for farming, the oil palm tree is not destroyed. Also developed in the zone are some individual oil palm plantations.

 

Rubber plantations, developed by individuals or the Government Ministry of Agriculture, are found in a number of places, particularly along the coastal areas near Iko and Okoroete towns. There are also some pockets near Essene.

скачать dle 11.1смотреть фильмы бесплатно

Category: Physical Features and Natural Resources

Dear visitor, you are browsing our website as Guest.
We strongly recommend you to register and login to view hidden contents.
<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
30 June 2018 13:51

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Established  in 2006, Aliso Viejo, California-based Pixel Film Studios is an innovative  developer of visual effects tools for the post-production and broadcast  community. Their products are integrated with popular non-linear editing and  compositing products from Apple FCPX. FCPX plugins

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 21
  • ICQ: {icq}
30 June 2018 15:28

huyumokis

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 31.05.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
I found your this  post while searching for some related information on blog search...Its a good  post..keep posting and update the information.iphone repair near  me

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
30 June 2018 16:10

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
It is my  first visit to your blog, and I am very impressed with the articles that you  serve. Give adequate knowledge for me. Thank you for sharing useful material.  I will be back for the more great post. digital marketing company

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 594
  • ICQ: {icq}
30 June 2018 23:13

seoexpert

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 22.06.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Thanks For sharing  this Superb article.I use this Article to show my assignment in college.it is  useful For me Great Work.date local BBWs

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 67
  • ICQ: {icq}
1 July 2018 14:00

kaylyn

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 20.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Please  continue this great work and I look forward to more of your awesome blogs.  https://askrossca.kinja.com/3-different-kinds-of-lenders-1826738051

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
2 July 2018 20:50

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
I admire this article  for the well-researched content and excellent wording. I got so involved in  this material that I couldn’t stop reading. I am impressed with your work and  skill. Thank you so much. best t shirt printing company in singapore

Your  articles are inventive. I am looking forward to reading the plethora of  articles that you have linked here. Thumbs up! Buy bulk gmail accounts

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 67
  • ICQ: {icq}
3 July 2018 00:15

kaylyn

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 20.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Speedily this great  site will certainly irrefutably always be renowned amid most writing a blog  men and women, automobile careful content as well as testimonials.  ufabet

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
3 July 2018 15:37

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Pretty  nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I have  really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to  your feed and I hope you write again soon! best plastic surgery beverly hills

Best work  you have done, this online website is cool with great facts and looks. I have  stopped at this blog after viewing the excellent content. I will be back for  more qualitative work. newyorkhoponhopoffbus.nl

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 67
  • ICQ: {icq}
4 July 2018 18:10

kaylyn

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 20.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
As i acquired onto  your internet site even so placing emphasis strictly slightly tiny submits.  Gratifying strategy for foreseeable future, I am bookmarking each and every  time acquire folks end develops set up.  Solicitors in Tottenham

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 67
  • ICQ: {icq}
5 July 2018 10:45

kaylyn

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 20.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
The software says  exclusively relevant. Each of reduced attributes happen to be formulated with  various capture certification. I like the application many.  free movie streaming sites

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 102
  • ICQ: {icq}
7 July 2018 09:32

kellybell

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 12.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
There are  several dissertation online websites on-line while you at the same time  attain evidently maintained in your own web-site.  wholesale electronic store in Pakistan

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
7 July 2018 11:53

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Hey, this  day is too much good for me, since this time I am reading this enormous  informative article here at my home. Thanks a lot for massive hard work. mobile games

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 21
  • ICQ: {icq}
8 July 2018 13:19

huyumokis

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 31.05.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 


I really appreciate  the kind of topics you post here. Thanks for sharing us a great information  that is actually helpful. Good day!
nightrush

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 21
  • ICQ: {icq}
10 July 2018 10:08

huyumokis

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 31.05.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
I found your this  post while searching for some related information on blog search...Its a good  post..keep posting and update the information.Beverly Hills Plastic Surgery

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 594
  • ICQ: {icq}
10 July 2018 12:36

seoexpert

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 22.06.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
I just couldn't leave  your website before telling you that I truly enjoyed the top quality info you  present to your visitors? Will be back again frequently to check up on new  posts.OST to PST

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
10 July 2018 14:57

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
All your  hard work is much appreciated. Nobody can stop to admire you. Lots of  appreciation. voyance marseille

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 17
  • ICQ: {icq}
11 July 2018 12:51

saralittle

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 13.06.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Exceptional site you've got below, much neat data! https://newyearwishes4u.com/love-status-watsapp/

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
11 July 2018 14:08

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Very efficiently  written information. It will be beneficial to anybody who utilizes it,  including me. Keep up the good work. For sure i will check out more posts.  This site seems to get a good amount of visitors. A Great Review Post

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 594
  • ICQ: {icq}
12 July 2018 13:46

seoexpert

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 22.06.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
That'sthe cause  marketing that you simply appropriate research prior to creating. It's also  feasible to put in writing enhanced publishing with this particular.bahis bonusları

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 178
  • ICQ: {icq}
14 July 2018 11:31

aileen123

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 18.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
The most important tree in the rain forest zone is the oil palm, which dots the secondary forest or bush fallow. When the land is cleared for farming, the oil palm tree is not destroyed. Also developed in the zone are some individual oil palm plantations.tantric massage london

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
16 July 2018 15:27

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
I recently came  across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my  first comment. I don't know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading.  Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often. Vlogger

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 67
  • ICQ: {icq}
16 July 2018 23:01

kaylyn

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 20.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Not only are  Adventure Kings Fridge Freezers and iceboxes packed full of features, they  are available for a steal, we dare you to shop around, we’re sure you won’t  find a better priced fridge freezer system on the market! portable fridges

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 348
  • ICQ: {icq}
17 July 2018 16:18

susanmiller

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 16.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
This is furthermore a  fantastic write-up my partner and i really enjoyed considering. It really is  generally not very each day my partner and i support the possibility to look  at something.  Home builders perth wa

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 594
  • ICQ: {icq}
18 July 2018 11:44

seoexpert

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 22.06.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
This is a great post.  I like this topic.This site has lots of advantage.I found many interesting  things from this site. It helps me in many ways.Thanks for posting this  again.breast enhancement cream

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 17
  • ICQ: {icq}
18 July 2018 15:08

saralittle

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 13.06.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
I love a  sufferer's offer. The country's ok read most people teach you for sayings  along with the cardiovascular system also answer challenging imperative  really make a difference often is without difficulty read.  http://www.thesunrisepeak.com/story/167805/ross-taylor-announces-the-launch-of-
his-teams-new-complimentary-mortgage-renewal-assessment.html

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 348
  • ICQ: {icq}
19 July 2018 10:33

susanmiller

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 16.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
His or her's gotten  onto your blog page despite the fact discussing worldwide recognition merely  numerous tid tid bit submits. Completing strategy for heading, I will be  bookmarking before commencing pickup services ending spgs entirely all the  way up.  reer-kantenschutz-leuchtend

Document gift should  never page. It is typically pretty decent to find out just about anyone teach  you for sayings on the cardiovascular exercise using lucidity for the  imperative subject will be fairly quickly personally seen.  Best Amazon Product

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 67
  • ICQ: {icq}
19 July 2018 13:43

kaylyn

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 20.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
It really is  concurrently a significant spot that i really savored exploring. Just isn't  everyday offering the outlook to see or watch something.  Design Resource Library

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 13
  • ICQ: {icq}
20 July 2018 15:13

FAHEEM

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 20.07.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
Nice  information, valuable and excellent design, as share good stuff with good  ideas and concepts, lots of great information and inspiration, both of which  I need, thanks to offer such a helpful information here.
room  addition contractor los angeles

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 594
  • ICQ: {icq}
20 July 2018 16:12

seoexpert

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 22.06.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
It is  especially decent, though look into the tips during this home address.construction contractor los angeles

<
  • Articles: 0
  • Comments: 338
  • ICQ: {icq}
21 July 2018 10:31

Garza

  • Usergroup: Members
  • Register: 10.04.2018
  • Status: Currently Offlline
 
 I am  jovial you take pride in what you write.   It makes you stand way out from many other writers that can not push  high-quality content like you. Julia Meadows Weight Loss

Information
Users of Guests are not allowed to comment this publication.