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Socio-Political Development

Author: smith on 17-09-2013, 23:00, views: 2 292


Most of Nigeria had been conquered, and her people, subjugated by Britain, by 1915. Thereafter, any of the conquered people who revolted against British rule were severely repressed by colonial troops in what the British termed, pacification. During this period too (ca. 1915-ca. 1925), any remaining pockets of unconquered people were finally brought under British rule.


The colonial conquests and post-conquest repression and the vigour with which the British established communication, transportation and administrative infrastructure, largely with a view to consolidating British authority, convinced the subjected people that British rule had come to stay. In the circumstances, they sought ways and means of coming to terms with the colonial situation. They co-operated as much as they could with the British colonial agents and administrative machinery, but, also, they endeavoured to adapt their age-old beliefs, institutions and practices to the new situation. They also built new institutions and associations capable of meeting the challenges of the new economic, social and political order.


In Opobo Division, the Ogoni were the last to be conquered (1913-1914). For several years thereafter, police patrols carried out pacification work among them, as well as in some Anaang and Ibibio areas. In that way, by early 1920's, British rule had been completely established throughout Opobo Division, a system of Indirect Rule had been inaugurated, and Christian Missions and Western education had been introduced into the Division (Cheesman, 1932 B).


This category discusses several fundamental issues, events and movements associated with Opobo Division in the course of the political development of Nigeria between 1928. when colonial rule had been firmly established, as well as the Ibibio State Union, and 1987. when Akwa Ibom State was created. The matters discussed are the rise of the new African elite and the development of ethnic improvement unions; anti-colonial resistance, particularly the Women's War of 1929 against the perceived colonial injustices to women: Nigerian politics; independence and state creation movements. In some of these matters, Ikot Abasi indigenes played crucial roles.

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Category: Ikot Abasi in the Socio-Political Development

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