» Materials for September 2013 year » Page 7



Author: nick on 12-09-2013, 19:00, views: 22 344


Vegetation Map of Ikot Abasi AreaVegetation Map of Ikot Abasi AreaThe whole of Akwa Ibom State is situated in the tropical forest zone. The forest vegetation can be divided into three types, namely: Mangrove forest along the coast and river estuaries; Fresh water swamp forest and Rainforest proper.


Mangrove Forest


Ikot Abasi Local Government Area has all the three forest types. Mangrove forest is quite extensive, covering the entire coastal area of the local government area and the estuaries of Imo River and Jaja, Qua Iboe and Shooter's creeks. The mangrove species, identified in the area, include Rhizhophora racemosa, Rhizophora mangle and Rhizophora harrisonii, as well as Avicenia nitida. The most abundant species is Rhizohora racemosa, which can grow to a height of 30 m and above. It has been observed that quite a reasonable portion of the mangrove swamp has been taken over by the Nypa palm. This palm has been found to out-compete the mangrove trees in the brackish environments of the river estuaries. In Ikot Abasi township wetland areas, almost all the brackish mangrove areas have been taken over by the Nypa palm growth.


Category: Physical Features and Natural Resources



Author: nick on 12-09-2013, 18:00, views: 8 376


Plantain farm with fruit and blossomPlantain farm with fruit and blossomPlantain farm with fruit and blossomPlantain farm with fruit and blossom

Farming is the main occupation of most of the people. Apart from the Obolo people, who occupy scattered fishing posts along the coastal area, and who are traditionally fishermen, all the upland Ibibio people are engaged in farming as a means of livelihood.


Most of the farming is carried out in the Acid Sands of the upland area, are low-fertile. The crops grown are those that can thrive in acid soils. The important crops grown are as siven below:


Category: Physical Features and Natural Resources



Author: nick on 12-09-2013, 17:00, views: 43 847


Fishing was practised by the Andoni and the coastal Ibibio people. Nets, traps, hooks and bamboo fences were the main fishing gear (Ejituwu, 1991: 48-49). A variety of fish were caught. These were sold fresh, or after they had been smoked, in local or long distance markets (Ibid.). The Andoni people, both men and women, were, and still are, fully engaged in fishing. The men use nets, traps and bamboo fences as fishing gear and harvest their fishing grounds or wander into the high seas for long periods, catching various grades and types of fish. The women confine themselves to the small creeks and the mangrove swamps, catching crayfish and lobsters.


Fishing Methods

1. Casting net: weighted with lead or broken pottery; thrown from a canoe and gathered by pulling the string, which is strung along the opening.  Casting net
2. Drag net with floats (wood, calabash, etc.): spread out at night and drawn every half hour or so to remove fish caught in it.  Drag net with floats (wood, calabash, etc.)
3. Bamboo trap: placed on a sand bank at low tide-
in such a way that the high tide covers it and the receding water leaves fish trapped inside.

Bamboo trap

4. Bamboo stick fence: erected on sandy bars when covered by high water, directs bigger fish into bamboo traps (a, b) as the water runs out to the ocean.  Bamboo stick fence
(after Cheesman, 1932; and Jeffreys, 1966).

Category: Physical Features and Natural Resources



Author: nick on 12-09-2013, 16:00, views: 4 922


Keeping of livestock was common in the area in the past. It was traditional for each household to keep goats, chicken and sheep. In modern times this practice has largely disappeared, resulting in shortage of livestock in the market. Livestock keeping is mostly handled by the women in the family, with the children help to supply the herbage. The goats or sheep are kept tethered in the house during the growing of the crops in the nearby farms in order to prevent the crops from being destroyed. Keeping of pigs is rare and is usually done by men who also keep the sheep. Cats are kept to drive away rats, while dogs are kept mainly to guard the household and for hunting. It is a taboo for people in the area to eat the meat of dogs or cats, although some of them now enjoy the dog meat.


The main types of domestic poultry kept by the Ikot Abasi people are chicken and ducks, the former being more common. Generally, the chicken are of local breed, with poor productive traits, like low egg production, small egg size, slow growth rate and poor feed conversion efficiency. The birds are let loose in the morning and, in the evening, they find their way back to the house.

Category: Physical Features and Natural Resources


Wildlife Hunting and 'Bush meat' Procurement

Author: nick on 12-09-2013, 15:00, views: 6 214


African Antelopes (edop) (Courtesy: NCF)African Antelopes (edop) (Courtesy: NCF)Wildlife hunting used to be the profession of brave men. It was done either at night, or during the day time. Special dogs were trained for the hunting, which, upon encountering a wild animal would bark to draw the attention of the hunter to the spot, while, at the same time, preventing the animal from escaping. The hunter would then come with his gun to shoot the animal. During night hunting, the hunters use a special type of lantern (ikang iso), attached to their forehead, the light of which would dazzle the animal and make it stand still, making it easy for the hunter to shoot and kill it.


Another effective method of catching wildlife, is the use of traps. These are set on identified routes of wildlife passage by expert trap setters. A bait, such as a cassava tuber, may be used to attract the animal to the trap.


Bush meat is highly valued and, generally, costs more per unit weight than that of the domestic animal. In recent times, the production of bush meat in the area has been drastically reduced. This is attributed, principally, to the forest destruction for farming, urban development and industrialisation, which reduces the natural habitat of the animals. The number and diversity of the wildlife have been greatly reduced, some species becoming almost extinct. Also, the number of experienced hunters and trap setters has also greatly reduced.

Category: Physical Features and Natural Resources



Author: nick on 12-09-2013, 14:00, views: 9 199


Access road and water tank for potable water, provided by OMPADEC at Bethlehem village, Eastern Obolo. The road is passable during the dry season; the tank is yet to be connected.Access road and water tank for potable water, provided by OMPADEC at Bethlehem village, Eastern Obolo. The road is passable during the dry season; the tank is yet to be connected.Solid Mineral


There has been no important solid mineral discovered so far in the local government area. However, a high grade silica glass sand is abundant on the beaches, coastal plain areas and in the river beds. It could be used as the major raw material for the manufacture of various glass products, like glass bottles, glass sheet, drinking glasses, mirrors, laboratory glassware and optical lenses. It is also useful in the moulding of cement blocks and the production of concrete and in foundry, abrasive, oil and gas industries.


There are also clay deposits in the area, although it has not yet been confirmed whether the deposits are in commercial quantities to support a ceramic industry. The deposits found in the Ikot Etenge Ete and Iman have been used in the traditional pottery industries.


Crude Oil and Natural Gas


Ikot Abasi Local Government is a major oil producing area, having both on-shore and off-shore fields. It also has a large gas deposit. The only on-shore production in the state is Utapate field near Iko, which used to produce up to 10,000 barrels per day. It is owned by the Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Pic. Two companies, Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited and Elf, are involved in off-shore production in the local government area territorial waters. A rough breakdown of the oil production in the area is as given below:




FieldProduction level (bpd)Company
Utapate (on-shore) 10,000 SPDC
Adua (off-shore) 10,600 Mobil
Asabo (off-shore) 28,150 Mobil
Ekpe (off-shore) 9,250 Mobil
Ekpe WW 7,530 Mobil
Usari - Elf
Obu - Elf
Edikan 16,856 Elf
Odudu 15,660 Elf
Ime 4,890 Elf
Afia 21,468 Elf

Category: Physical Features and Natural Resources


ALSCON - Accusations, Self-Adulation Confuse Reality At Privatised Aluminium Plant

Author: nick on 1-09-2013, 19:58, views: 6 977


Uyo — Sundry allegations of improprieties against Rusal, embattled managers of the Aluminium Smelter Company of Nigeria, Ikot Abasi, and self-praise responses from its management seem to be the only products at installed capacity at the company whose ownership and hitch-free operation remain dogged by protracted litigation.


Amid allegations of asset-stripping by some groups of the Aluminium Smelter Company of Nigeria (ALSCON), Ikot Abasi, Akwa Ibom State on one hand, and strident denial by its managers on the other, the Supreme Court will next month, once again, decide who should own the troubled aluminium plant.

At war over ALSCON's ownership are its current managers, the Russian company, AC Rusal and BFIG, an American company, which a judgment of the Supreme Court in July last year favoured to have won the bid to buy ALSCON. On June 14, 2004, the BFIG Group won the bid to buy ALSCON from the Bureau of Public Enterprise, government's privatisation agency. But the bid was controversially cancelled and management of the plant handed over to Rusal. BFIG has since been in court to gain controlling ownership and management of ALSCON.


Enforcement of the apex court's judgment has undergone curious twists and turns, with Rusal digging in, the BPE finally cancelling in January this year BFIG's successful bid, and the BFIG crying conspiracy and once again relying on the Supreme Court to reclaim what it affirms is legitimately its property through its victorious bid process and the apex court's decision last year.

Category: News

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